Top 5 careers you can pursue in the social sciences

When career paths in the social sciences come to mind, all one can think about are government jobs and competitive exams. Contrary to popular belief, these aren’t the only jobs available to social science students. Social science is actually a field that has a lot of career options. Various career paths can be adopted by social scientists all over the world.

Here are the top 5 career paths you can pursue in the social sciences:

Think Tanks

A think tank is a group of people whose sole profession is to read, write, research, and discuss topics that are of importance to social good. It’s a form of collective intelligence. Their primary purpose is education and research.

There are a lot of think tanks all over the world working on a variety of topics including policy, development, heritage, privacy and security, ecology, technology, health, globalization, war, peace, and much more. Human Rights Watch, Council of Foreign Relations, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, and Observer Research Foundation are some examples of the most influential think tanks in the US and India.

With degrees in relevant fields and good communication, writing and research skills, you can work at think tanks as a content writer, research analyst, or associate and project manager, amongst others.

International Organisations

The role of international organizations is to promote global initiatives, mediating and coordinating among member nations and provide a place for political initiatives and help in setting international agenda.

Some of the best examples of such organizations are the United Nations, WTO, WHO, World Bank, NATO, G20, and OECD. You can start working here through volunteer work, internships, and professional programs. Posts in these organizations are likely to require qualities like strong communication skills, the ability to demonstrate a genuine passion and belief in a particular cause, hard work, flexibility, fairness, and the ability to see things through from start to finish.

NATO and the UN are two of the key international organizations that provide great employment opportunities. Check out the various offices, programs, and agencies you can join and opportunities you can avail at the UN, here. Explore careers you can pursue at NATO here.

Legal Professions

Law is a system of rules created and enforced by social or governmental institutions in authority. Thomas Jefferson has said, “The study of the law qualifies a man to be useful to himself, to his neighbors, and to the public”. Laws are created to serve society, shape morals, promote peace and public policies, and facilitate freedom and future. Without law, there would be chaos.

A career in law is a quite good option since legal careers are very diverse, have great chances of growth and opportunity, have a dynamic environment, and have many practice areas. Commercial awareness, teamwork, attention to detail, good communication, creative problem solving, initiative, and self-confidence are some of the important skills required to pursue a career in the field of law.

With one or more degrees in law, you can work at law firms or start your own private practice as a lawyer. You can also work as an attorney, representing clients in courtrooms or as a counsel for a company or an organization. Check out these links to get to know more about career options in law - Career in Law, Job Choices in the Legal Field, 15 Types of Law Careers You Can Pursue, Law Career Options.

Professions in Psychology

Psychology is nothing more than the study of the emotional and mental workings of the mind. Psychologists contribute to the well-being of society by helping people understand their emotions and behaviors and managing them, to lead a better life. They assess, diagnose, and treat psychological problems and behavioral dysfunctions resulting from, or related to physical and mental health. Psychology is a subject that many find interesting and is a great option for pursuing a career in. Some qualities which can help you go forward in this field are good communication skills, an analytical mind, emotional stability, problem-solving, compassion, and patience.

You can work as a psychologist in many fields of psychology, some of them being, clinical, counseling, educational, organizational, health, sports, and cultural psychology. A psychology degree can also be useful in pursuing a career as a therapist, mediator, career adviser, life coach, market researcher, neuroscientist, policy officer, advice worker, and much more. Explore these links for a deeper view into the field of psychology: 80+ Psychology Careers to Consider, Careers in Psychology, Careers in Psychology in India, Psychology Careers Guide.

Academic Institutions

Academic institutions are dedicated to education and research. They play a key role in training current and future decision-makers. They are operated for the purpose of giving their students the skills needed to perform a certain job or jobs. Good communication, patience, creativity, enthusiasm, confidence, dedication, conflict resolution, and organization are some of the main qualities required to pursue a career in the field of teaching. In the social sciences, you can pursue an academic or teaching career by working as a lecturer, teacher, or professor at academic institutions like schools, colleges, universities, and academies.

You can work as a professor of any of the various social sciences by specializing in that field by completing a Masters', Ph.D., and other degrees in it. Academics often also conduct research and analysis and submit reports and articles based on their findings to peer-reviewed journals. Here are some links to check out for more information about this field: Academic Careers, Academic Careers You May Not Have Considered.


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